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Pregnancy FAQs Print

Q:How do Ultra Early & Early Pregnancy tests work?

Babymad.com offers test strips that measure the presence of the hormone hCG in your urine. HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted by the developing placenta shortly after fertilization. The appearance of hCG soon after conception and its subsequent rise in concentration during early gestational growth make it an excellent marker for the early detection of pregnancy.

Q: Test Sensitivity and Early-Detection: Does the hCG level of the test matter?

Not all pregnancy tests are created equal. Babymad.com provides the most sensitive pregnancy tests on the market. The more sensitive the test, the earlier the opportunity to detect pregnancy. Our tests can detect pregnancy even with a small amount of hCG in your system. Concentrations of hCG are reported in milliInternational Units (mIU) or amounts equal to 1/1000th of an IU per millilitre. Pregnancy tests with a sensitivity of 10 mIU/ml are more sensitive than tests with 50 to 100 mIU/ml.  At 10 mIU/ml, high sensitivity equates to early detection of pregnancy. That means you can begin testing accurately as early as three to eight days after conception - well before your first missed period. NOTE: Conception may take place several days after date of intercourse, so the date of intercourse should not be viewed as the necessary day of conception.

Ultra Early  
10 mIU/ml hCG
Early  

25 mIU/ml hCG

E.P.T.
40 mIU/ml hCG
ClearBlue Easy
50 mIU/ml hCG
First Response
100 mIU/ml hCG
Answer
100 mIU/ml hCG

Q: How do I use the Ultra Early & Early Pregnancy pregnancy test?

Taking a home pregnancy test is simple - though instructions must be followed precisely for both test strips and midstream tests. For test strips, immerse the strip into the urine sample with the arrow end pointing towards the urine. Do not immerse past the MAX (Marker Line). Take the strip out after 3 seconds and lay the strip flat on a clean, dry, non-absorbent surface. Next, wait for coloured bands to appear. Depending on the concentration of hCG in the test specimen, positive results may be observed in as little as 40 seconds. However, to confirm negative results, the complete reaction time of 3 minutes is required. Do not read results after the 5 minute reaction time.

Q: How accurate are home pregnancy tests?

Under laboratory conditions, home pregnancy tests are over 99% percent accurate. Inaccuracies are most often traced or errors in application or failure to follow instructions with care. There are circumstances and variables - discussed in questions below - that may impact pregnancy test results (from fertility medications to dilution of urine sample).

Q: How long do I need to hold my urine? Is first morning urine the best sample?

Because home pregnancy tests detect hCG, it is best to collect urine samples containing the highest presence of the hCG hormone. Diluted samples (from drinking high volumes of water / frequent urination) are not recommended and can diminish test accuracy. Instead, first morning urine is considered the ideal sample as it contains the most concentrated presence of hCG. Otherwise, waiting several hours (4-5 minimum) is also considered sufficient duration for an HPT.

Q: If the test band is faint, is the pregnancy test positive?

A positive result will always be indicated by the presence of a distinct colour band in the 'test' region of the pregnancy test strip or midstream test (accompanied by the presence of the 'control' band). If the test is faint (in comparison to the control band), the test may be positive, though the presence of hCG in the woman's body - or urine sample - may be low. The presence of hCG doubles every two days in a pregnant woman. In cases where a faint test colour band is present, we recommend that you retake the test the following day using first morning urine. Again, following test instructions is critical.

Many women get a faintly positive result if they're not as far along as they expected. If this turns out to be the case for you, taking another test in two or three days should give you more exact results. Most home urine tests should be positive by the time your period is due if your body is making the normal amount of hCG.

Pregnancies with complications also produce hCG but in lesser amounts, so that could be causing the faint line. And if your test is faintly positive and then a few days later turns completely negative, you may have had a very early miscarriage. Experts estimate that about 20 to 30 per cent of all pregnancies end in miscarriage, so unfortunately this is very common. It is only since pregnancy tests became so sensitive that people have realised how often early miscarriages can happen. In the past, these very early losses might not even have been noticed, and the woman would never have known she had been pregnant.

Q: What does a positive & negative pregnancy test look like ?

 

Positive Pregnancy Test

Negative Pregnancy Test

Q: How is it possible to receive a "False Positive" result on a pregnancy test?

False positive tests are rare - though there are instances and conditions where they can occur. For example, some tissues in a non-pregnant woman can produce hCG, though the levels are usually so low they are not detectable by home pregnancy tests (though our tests are the most sensitive on the market). Secondly, research indicates that half of all "conceptions" (fertilized eggs) do not go forward as developing pregnancy. Within this group, a proportion are recognized as "a chemical pregnancy" - a pregnancy in which there is a positive pregnancy test and no other signs or symptoms).

Moreover, A percentage of "false positive" pregnancy tests can be attributed to misinterpretation of results due to a failure to follow test instructions with precision. You should not rely on any positive result that does not show up within the time limit stated in the test instructions (see next question below).

Q: What if the test is negative after the 5 minute reaction time, but becomes positive after an hour?

Do not attempt to interpret results after the five minute test reaction time. Depending on the concentration of hCG in the test specimen, positive results may be observed in as little as 40 seconds. However, to confirm negative results, the complete reaction time of 5 minutes is required. A positive result can only be determined within this time interval. A percentage of "false positive" pregnancy tests can be attributed to misinterpretation of results due to a failure to follow test instructions with precision. Here, you should not rely on any positive result that does not show up within the time limit stated in the test instructions. All pregnancy test brands have the possibility of displaying an evaporation line.

Q: Can I be pregnant and not get a positive HPT (a False Negative result)?

False negative results are more common than false positives - and are primarily due to inaccuracies in timing of the test or carelessness in the test procedure itself. Please follow test instructions with circumspection and precision. A false negative result can also stem from using a diluted urine sample and/or from taking a test too early in pregnancy. First morning urine contains the most concentrated presence of hCG - which makes it the ideal sample for pregnancy testing.

Additionally, at the same gestational stages, women produce quantitatively different levels of hCG - which means that the first indication of a positive result on a home pregnancy test may vary between women, despite similar gestational stage. If you suspect you are pregnant, you should see your doctor for a blood hCG test no matter what result you get from any home pregnancy test.

Q: Can fertility drugs or medication interfere with pregnancy test results?

The only medications that can cause a false positive on a home pregnancy test are those than contain hCG itself. If you are taking fertility medications with hCG - e.g. Novarel, Profasi, Pregnyl - please consult your doctor regarding appropriate times and circumstances for using our tests. Other fertility drugs and medications that do not contain hCG will not precipitate false positive results. Similarly, progesterone will not cause a false positive as well.

If you have any further questions that are not answered above please email me and I'll add them to this page which will hopefully help others too.

 
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