Diabetes is a common disease caused by high sugar (glucose) level in blood. This condition is called Hyperglycaemia and is caused by reduced insulin secretion or action. Insulin is a hormone that is secreted from the pancreas. The major role of this hormone is to regulate sugar level in blood. There are two types of diabetes: I and II. Type I is characterized by absolute deficiency of insulin production so it is called Insulin-Dependent type. Type II is characterised by relative deficiency of insulin, which means that insulin is produced in lower amounts or it does not act properly. This type is called Non-Insulin-Dependent. As the level of glucose increases in the blood above the kidney capacity it starts to appear in the urine. So, measuring the presence of glucose in urine can be used as tool to check for diabetes.
Persons with diabetes are more susceptible to develop specific complications such as retinopathy (A pathological disorder of the retina) with blindness, kidney failure, nerve damage and circulatory problems, which may lead to heart disease and stroke. Therefore, detection of glucose and seeking early medical assistance as applicable could help preventing the development of these symptoms.
In diagnosis of diabetes, doctors always advise to check for Ketones to further confirm the diabetic status. Ketones are group of organic compounds that result from the metabolism of fatty acids. Normal people use glucose as energy source. In diabetic people, glucose is not passed to the cells, so cells will use fatty acids as the energy source instead. The less glucose absorbed by cells (as in case when the diabetes is more advanced) the fattier acids are consumed and accordingly more ketone is produced. This condition is known as diabetic ketoacidosis. As the level of ketone increase in the blood, it will start to appear in urine.
Atlas Diabetic Check kit contains a dip-and-read test strips and intended for use to check for glucose and Ketones level in urine specimens as an aid in diagnosing diabetes. The test provides results by the visual comparison with colour chart printed on the pouch. Each colour denotes a range of concentrations of glucose and Ketones.
Home Diabetes Diabetic Check Test (2 Tests)
Q: When is the best time to do the test?
A: This test can be done anytime during the day. It is good to do the test once before eating and once after 2 hours of a mixed meal.
Q: If I dipped the strip for more than 1 second, is the result affected?
A: This reaction takes place immediately after dipping the strip. Leaving the strip for 2-3 seconds will not affect the result, but if kept for more than 5 seconds, results cannot be considered accurate and so you need to repeat the test.
Q: I left the strip for 10 minutes and then I read the results, shall I consider the results true?
A: Results read after more that 60 seconds (1 Minutes) must not considered correct and so you need to repeat the test.
Q: What are the signs of Diabetes?
A: The most frequent signs of diabetes are: being very thirsty, urinating often, feeling very hungry or tired, losing weight, having sores that heal slowly, having dry itchy skin, having blurry eyes, losing the feeling in your feet or having tingling in your feet.
Q: What could I do to control glucose level?
A: Doing the following will certainly help controlling glucose level: follow a diet that is advised by your doctor or dietitian, be active and do some exercises for around 30 minutes each day and stop smoking.
Use a disposable plastic cup to collect the urine. You should use fresh sample for this test.
This procedure MUST BE FOLLOWED EXACTLY to achieve reliable test results.
1. Check that the product is within the expiration date shown on the kit pack.
2. Prepare the urine specimen.
3. Remove the strip from the pouch. Familiarize yourself with the position of the reaction area of both ketone and glucose. White reaction area is for Ketones and green area is for glucose. Also, familiarize yourself with the colour chart on the pouch.
4. Dip the test strip in the urine until the reaction areas are completely immersed for no more than 1 second.
5. Remove the dipstick from the urine and tap the strip on the rim of the cup to remove excess urine and place it horizontally with the reaction areas facing up.
6. Leave the strip for 30-60 seconds for the reaction to take place.
7. Read the results by comparing the colours of the reaction on the strip with those of the chart. While comparing, keep the strip in a horizontal position to avoid possible mix of colours between the reaction areas on the strip.
8. Identify the best match colour on the colour chart and the correspondent concentration range. A change in colour that appears only along the edges of the reaction areas indicates that the reaction did not take place properly so we recommend redoing the test with another strip. Results read after 60 seconds are not valid.
The results are obtained by direct comparison of test strip with the colour chart printed on the pack.