This liver test detects abnormal levels of bilirubin and urobilinogen in urine, raised levels can indicate liver disease. It is recommended that you take this test if you are feeling generally unwell or are experiencing any of the following: Nausea / Fatigue / Lack of appetite / Yellowing of the skin and eyes.
Having a problem with your liver, may cause one or more of the following symptoms:
Symptom 1 - Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes. A condition called Jaundice.
Symptom 2 - Pain in the right upper abdomen accompanied by pain in the back.
Symptom 3 - Abdominal swelling.
Symptom 4 - Weakness and loss of muscle mass.
Symptom 5 - Light colour of faeces and/or dark colour of urine.
The above are the first signs of a liver problem. Jaundice is considered as the most important among them. Jaundice is caused when excess amount of a compound called bilirubin dissolves in the fat layer under the skin. Bilirubin is a compound that is formed due to the breakdown of Red Blood Cells. It will be carried to the liver by blood vessels and then to the intestines by means of a small duct connecting the liver with the intestine.
This duct is called bile duct. Bilirubin can also be stored in the gall bladder which is a very small sac-like organ extending out of the bile duct. In the intestine, bilirubin can be converted to a compound called Urobilinogen by the act of intestinal bacteria. A small percentage of this compound can be reabsorbed to the blood stream. Increased levels of urobilinogen and/or bilirubin in blood will lead to its appearance in urine.
The test comes with full instructions in the pack which gives a full interpretation of the test, whatever the combination of results and advises what to do next if any action is required.
- Contains two single use tests
- Proven 98% accuracy in laboratory studies
- CE Marked for Home Self Testing
- Fast accurate results in the privacy of your own home
- Simple & easy-to-use test
- We will post the test in discrete packaging with no markings as to the contents.
Home Liver Function/Infection Test (4 Tests)
Q: If the colours of the reaction areas on the test strip are different than what they should be, what shall I do?
A: In such case you are advised not to use this strip since it will not give accurate results. You have to use a new strip. If the same problem is seen, contact your local distributor.
Q: If results are read after more than one minute, are the results still reliable?
A: Best results are obtained at 60 seconds (1min.), if this time is exceeded, the results will not remain the same and may lead to false readings.
Q: At what time of the day the test should be performed?
A: This test can be done any time of the day. Try to minimise liquid uptake one hour before doing the test.
Q: Why should I use fresh sample for this test?
A: Bilirubin and Urobilinogen are sensitive to light and can be decomposed if left for long time. Accordingly, results may not reflect the actual concentration of these two compounds in the urine sample since they would have been partly decomposed.
Q: Is there any indication of urine colour?
A: Presence of bilirubin in urine will make the colour of urine quite dark. In this case the colour is almost brownish orange. Other compounds and some kinds of food may cause urine coloration. So, urine colour should not be used as a sole criteria for testing bilirubin.
Q: What is hepatitis?
A: Hepatitis is an inflammation in the liver that can be caused by infections with various organisms including bacteria and viruses (Hepatitis A, B, C...etc.) or parasites. Chemical toxins such as alcohol, drugs, and poisonous mushrooms can also damage the liver and cause it to become inflamed.
Q: How accurate is this test?
A:This test has proven 98% accurate in laboratory testing. Limitations This test is intended as an initial indication of elevated chemical markers and not conclusive of specific diagnosis. Further testing and consultation with a healthcare professional is necessary to confirm the presence of a specific disease or health condition.
Q: What is Bilary Tract Obstruction?
A: Bilary tract obstruction involves the blockage of any duct that carries bile (Bilirubin and other salts) from the liver to the gallbladder or from the gallbladder to the small intestine. This may be caused by bilary stones, tumor in the liver or inflammation of the liver. Jaundice and pain in the upper right abdomen that is accompanied with a pain in the back are the most important symptoms of such condition.
This procedure MUST BE FOLLOWED EXACTLY to achieve reliable test results.
1. Check that the product is within the expiration date shown on the kit pack.
2. Prepare the urine specimen.
3. Remove the strip from the pouch. Familiarize yourself with the position of the reaction area of Bilirubin and Urobilinogens. Beige reaction area is for bilirubin while yellow reaction area is for Urobilinogens. Also, familiarize yourself with the colour chart on the pack
4. Dip the test strip in the urine until the reaction areas are completely immersed for no more than 1 second.
5. Remove the dipstick from the urine and tap the strip on the rim of the cup to remove excess urine and place it horizontally with the reaction areas facing up.
6. Leave the strip for 30-60 seconds for the reaction to take place.
7. Read the results by comparing the colours of the reaction on the strip with those of the chart. While comparing, keep the strip in a horizontal position to avoid possible mix of colours between the reaction areas on the strip.
8. Identify the best match colour on the colour chart and the correspondent concentration range. A change in colour that appears only along the edges of the reaction areas indicates that the reaction did not take place properly so we recommend redoing the test with another strip. Results read after 60 seconds are not valid.
The results are obtained by direct comparison of test strip with the colour chart printed on the pack.